Choroidal Nevus

Choroidal Nevus– Usually a flat lesion with or without pigment lying in the stroma of the tissue. Large choroidal nevi are difficult to differentiate from malignant melanomas. Their flat appearance and especially their lack of

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Detached Retina

Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment

Rhegmatogenous is the most common form of a detached retina.

The two other forms include:

Serous (common in pregnancy/eclampsia or in uveitis/posterior scleritis) Tractional (common in diabetic retinopathy).


Rhegma (Greek

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Lattice Degeneration

Lattice Degeneration- Lattice degeneration is the most common of the inherited vitreoretinal degenerations, with an estimated incidence of 7% of the general population. Lattice degeneration is an appearance of localized round, oval, or linear retinal

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Retinitis Pigmintosa

Retinitis Pigmentosa- Is a hereditary degeneration and atrophy of the retina. Also known as “tunnel vision”.


Toxoplasmosis/Histoplasmosis- Ocular Toxoplasmosis is caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan. Cats and changing of the cat litter are one of the causes. Histoplasmosis the patient usually has “punched out”spots in the peripheral fundus.

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